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    marc verhaegen

    Cursorial mammals run on their hooves or toes, whereas flat feet (with long & non-opposable big toes & plantigrade heels) as in humans, prenatal chimps & gorillas & in australopithecines are typically seen in wading or swimming species. That means that our feet are only secondarily made for walking-running, and were originally (Pan-Homo-Gorilla LCA c 8-10 Ma?) for wading-swimming. A’piths indeed typically fossilised in wetlands or swamp forests (K.Reed 1997 JHE): the curious combination in a’piths of curved hand-bones (vertical climbing, at least in gracile a’piths), flat feet (shallow water) & vertical spine (wading & hanging) suggests they spent a lot of time collecting wetland plants & invertebrates, like bonobos & lowland gorillas still do, but more frequently (google illustrations: bonobo wading). IOW, the human heel-to-toe stride is to be explained by an evolution from a fully plantigrade wading-swimming foot towards a walking foot.

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Daryl Worthington

Daryl Worthington

Daryl has a Bachelor’s degree in History from Royal Holloway University of London. He has always had a strong interest in writing, particularly about history, politics, the environment or culture. Originally from London, he currently lives in Riga, Latvia. Alongside history he has a strong interest in environmental and political issues. He enjoys travelling, slowly learning how to speak Latvian and exploring the country’s distinct culture. His other passion is music. He has worked as a writer on the subject, as well as being a musician himself. Daryl is interested in cultural, social and political history. He is fascinated by the role of cultural objects, whether novels, visual arts, events, music or even a past society’s reading of history, as means to reflect on times and people. His particular period of interest is modern history and he is keenly interested in the relationship between mainstream and counter cultures.

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